Detection of Avian Influenza Virus in Poultry Arriving at PCFs and Its Environment in DKI Jakarta
Monday, 1 December 2008
This study is a continuation of a study done by CIVAS in 2007 in DKI Jakarta province. The previous study in 2007 found that 82.4% of Poultry Collecting Facilities (PCFs) in DKI Jakarta province was infected by AI, but it was unable to identify the source of the viruses. This study is a collaboration between CIVAS, Wageningen International – Netherlands, and the Marine and Agriculture Service Office of DKI Jakarta and was conducted in 12 PCFs from July to November 2008.
The aim of this study was to (1) detect the presence of AI viruses in the PCF environment and poultry coming to PCFs, (2) to measure the frequency of AI infection in birds coming to PCFs, (3) to identify farms/the origin of AI infected birds coming to PCFs and (4) to measure the level of biosecurity implementation in PCFs and poultry transportation.
The study found that only 1.38% batches of poultry delivered were infected with AI. This low infection rate is believed to have occurred because the study was conducted during the dry season and also since there was a decrease in poultry delivery to PCFs at that time. Therefore CIVAS had recommended continuing the study for a year to identify seasonal patterns of AI incidence.